Normal Thyroid function requires manganese because it is involved in the formation of Thyroxin, the Thyroid’s most important hormone.

When the body’s Estrogen, insulin or Parathyroid hormones are elevated the absorption of Manganese may be impaired as these hormones are antagonistic to thyroid function.

Manganese is located largely in the Mitochondria – The powerhouse of the body.

Manganese deficiency can lead to cartilage and connective tissue disorders, brittle bones and retarded bone growth which causes bowing can occur.

In America manganese deficiency appears to be as prevalent as iron deficiency. Low Manganese levels have been found in patients with hypoglycaemia, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, kidney problems and diabetes.

It is for energy and antioxidant protection, to help with dizziness and tinnitus. Manganese may be found in Spinach, Beets, Brussels sprouts, and Kelp

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